CBD Terms Glossary

The ultimate glossary to CBD terms

Key Concepts

Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family of Cannabaceae. Originally from Asia.

Cannabis Sativa is one of the three recognised species (Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis) from Cannabis. Commonly used to make hemp seed oil and consumed by smoking or oral ingestion. It is known to give an uplifting and energetic high.

Marijuana is a variety of Cannabis Sativa species. It has more than 0.3% of THC and 10% or less CBD. Marijuana does give the 'high' effect.

Hemp is a variety of Cannabis Sativa species. It has less than 0.3% of THC and more CBD. Hemp does not give an intoxicating (high) effect.

Cannabinoids are compounds found in Cannabis and the human body. There are two types of cannabinoids: endocannabinoids, naturally found in the body and phytocannabinoids, derived from the Cannabis plant. At least 113 distinct phytocannabinoids have been isolated from cannabis and are responsible for communication between the cells within the body. The most notable phytocannabinoids are THC and CBD.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a (phyto)cannabinoid found in Cannabis plants. CBD does not have intoxicating effects.

Not to be confused with Cannabinol or Cannabinodiol.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a (phyto)cannabinoid compound found in Cannabis plants. THC does give you the so called 'high' effects.

Hemp Extract Oil is the extracted oil from Hemp flowers, leaves and stems. It contains CBD, other cannabinoids, terpenes and fatty acids. It is the main ingredient used in CBD products.

Hemp Seed Oil is the extraction oil from the Hemp seed. It does not contain CBD or any other phytocannabinoids but is rich in antioxidants, omega-3 and 6 fatty acids.

Terpene compounds are highly aromatic compounds found in plants, responsible for the characteristic scent of many plants. However, because terpenes are bioactive, they may also offer therapeutic benefits to the human body. The most common terpenes are Linalool, Limonene, Pinene and Myrcene, and are often included in CBD product formulations for effect and smell enhancement.

Important Distinctions

Marijuana and Hemp are plant varieties of the Cannabis Sativa species. The main difference between the two lies in the amounts of compounds found in their biological structure. The Marijuana plant has high THC (approximately 5% to 35%) and very low CBD (approximately 10% or less). On the other hand, the Hemp plant contains very low THC (approximately 0.3% or less) and 10% CBD. Marijuana has intoxicating properties (high) and Hemp does not.

THC and CBD are cannabinoids, types of compounds found in Cannabis. THC is mainly found in the Marijuana variety and CBD in the Hemp variety. The main difference between the two is the intoxicating effects they produce. THC binds with the Cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptors in the brain and produces intoxication (high). CBD, on the other hand, binds very weakly and does not produce intoxication.

Hemp Extract Oil (or CBD oil or Hemp extract) is extracted from Hemp flowers, leaves and stems and is rich in CBD. On the other hand, Hemp Seed Oil is extracted from the seed and is mainly composed of antioxidants and fats but does not contain CBD or other phytocannabinoids.

Learn more about CBD

What is CBD? CBD 101
CBD Dosages